H2 pipeline from Ukraine to Germany

First German-Ukrainian Energy Day Online, © AHK
First German-Ukrainian Energy Day, © AHK

The German-American talks regarding a possible activation of Nord Stream 2 also specifically addressed Germany’s involvement in Ukraine. Ukraine, which fears economic disadvantages as a result of Nord Stream 2, is to receive support from the Federal Republic of Germany in the further development of its energy supply system. Or that was the plan, before Putin’s attack of the country. Due to the current war, it is completely open what the future will look like in Eastern Europe, including what the energy supply situation will be. In order to show what opportunities could arise after the, hopefully near, end of this invasion, we describe here the initial situation, as it still looked at the end of 2021.

The German energy consultancy dena (deutsche Energieagentur) is already cooperating with the Ukrainian energy industry within the framework of the German-Ukrainian Energy Partnership. A corresponding letter of intent was signed at the first German-Ukrainian Energy Day event, on August 28th, 2020. The current objectives of this energy partnership are to increase energy efficiency, modernize the electricity sector, expand renewable energies and reduce CO2 emissions. In the future, the focus will also be on the transformation of coal regions, the integration of renewable energies, the production of green hydrogen and the modernization of district heating systems. Dena sees great opportunities and potentials in the energy sector, but there are still many open questions. 

Development of renewables 

In order for them to export green hydrogen to Germany in significant quantities in the future, there will need to be a corresponding amount of energy from renewable sources in the energy systems of the countries in Eastern Europe. This is currently not the case at all, as the percentage of renewables in primary energy consumption is only in the upper single digits in the case of Ukraine, for example. In Kazakhstan, it is just about three percent. 

The installed capacity has increased from 2,300 megawatts at the end of 2018 to around 7,700 megawatts currently. Since 2015, over 5 billion euros has been invested in expansion of renewable energies to reach a capacity of over 6.7 gigawatts (dena). Whether and in what form the future expansion of renewable energies in Ukraine can be realized at all is currently unknown, as the uncertain political situation in the country makes it almost impossible for investors to find potential interested parties and investors for new projects in the renewables sector.[…]

… Read this article to the end in the latest H2-International

Author: Aleksandra Fedorska 

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