The trend is clear: refineries also need to become greener – recently also to limit the use of Russian oil and gas. In Germany, refineries are responsible for about a fifth of the CO2 emissions by the sector. Green hydrogen can be integrated into existing production processes. Several refineries are currently making this transition.
In Wesseling, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’s coal heartland, a new transportation era is dawning – at least if oil giant Shell has a say in it. “Petroleum products will continue to play an important role in the decades to come.